Read the article 9/11 to now: Ways we have changed along with the bullet points summarizing the piece. Then answer the questions below. You may wish to assign different sections of the article to different groups of students and have the groups report back as a class.
Then watch Billy Collins, the U.S. poet laureate on Sept. 11th, read a poem he wrote a year after the attack, called “The Names,” in honor of the victims. He read the poem before a special joint session of Congress held in New York City in 2002, and reads it again now in this NewsHour video from 2011. You may also watch the first few minutes of President Donald Trump’s speech last year at the Pentagon.
Tuesday marks the 17th anniversary of the Sept. 11th attacks when terrorist-piloted planes hit the World Trade Center and the Pentagon and crashed into a field in Somerset County, Penn. Each year relatives read the names of the 2,977 fallen.
Many changes have occurred in U.S. domestic and foreign policy after 9/11, including air travel, with Congress federalizing airport security through the passage of the Aviation and Transportation Security Act, which created the Transportation Security Administration (TSA). Before 9/11, security had been handled by airports, which outsourced the work to private security companies.
More than 260 government agencies were created or reorganized after 9/11. The Patriot Act and 48 bills were signed into law, many of them related to counterterorrism work.
The U.S. entered the longest war in our country’s history in Afghanistan after the attacks on 9/11, which continues to this day. The terrorist organization, al-Qaeda, led by Osama bin Laden from Saudi Arabia, planned the attacks from Afghanistan with the support of that country’s totalitarian regime.
Anti-Islam hate crimes in the U.S. spiked after the attacks and many Muslims were subject to verbal harassment and increased airport security checks. In 2015, incidents of crimes against Muslim people reached 9/11 articles and continues to be a problem in the U.S. Read the Teachers’ Lounge article here to learn more.
What do you know about the attacks on September 11, 2001?
How have policies of the U.S. and other countries’ governments changed since 9/11? What about cultural changes? What are ways the world has changed that are not discussed in the story?
Why is it important to understand how 9/11 affected the U.S. and much of the world?
Why do you think family members of those lost on 9/11 participate in memorial events, including reading the names of the deceased?
Does your school set aside time to discuss 9/11? If not, do you think a discussion is warranted? Why or why not?
Media literacy: Have you seen any news coverage of the 17th anniversary of 9/11? What topics or images are being shared?
Read this first-person account, Column: I was there on 9/11. Now it’s a history lesson that I teach by English teacher Annie Thoms who had just started the school year at her alma mater, Stuyvesant High School, located four blocks from Ground Zero. Then read the article What it was like to watch the 9/11 attacks from your classroom window about Thoms work with 13 young actors and directors at her school to create a play based on interviews with Stuyvesant students, faculty and staff. Those interviews captured what it was like to witness the nation’s worst act of terrorism and the emotions that followed. Here is an excerpt:
From “With Their Eyes: September 11th–The View from a High School at Ground Zero.”
Kevin Zhang, sophomore:
I saw this
huge plane it was…
it looked much bigger than the first one,
it looked like one of those jets, you know, in the movies,
you know, Air Force One or something, one of those big jets.
It was one of those and it just hits –
It hit the building right there.
Katherine Fletcher, English teacher:
I noticed it enough to say to my class
what was that
sort of casually
I wasn’t scared or alarmed I just sort of said what
and someone said
and I was like no
it’s not thunder
it must have been a truck
it was like the sound of a truck like hitting something on a street or
you know how sometimes you’ll hear something like that.
Hudson Williams-Eynon, freshman:
We all went to art.
My art class is on the tenth floor
facing north so
we couldn’t see anything but
everyone was looking out
the teacher was like
this might sound stupid and everything
but I still want you guys to draw.
You can tell your kids that when
the World Trade Center was
you guys were drawing
Juan Carlos Lopez, School Safety Agent:
I got this weird transmission
the strangest transmission in my life
that a plane hit the World Trade Center
and I ran into the computer room to see.
I haven’t gotten back into that office.
The recollection of what I saw is framed in that window,
like if I had to draw you a picture I would
have to draw the window frame as well.
I’m a little apprehensive,
just looking at these banners I get a little choked up.
So I – I fear going into that office
I might lose my composure.
But it’s been long enough that maybe I could go into that office
and take it in
but I, I –
you know in a way I don’t feel ready, I don’t.
Katie Berringer, freshman:
We didn’t know what was going on
so when we see this like
psycopathic lady running down the hallway
like “I need to call my mother, I need to call my mother!”
and we’re like
What is wrong with HER?
and we didn’t know what was going on so we were like
laughing at her.
But then we heard that thing on the speakers
but we still thought it was like
tiny and they were telling us out of respect
like when that guy died
and everyone had a moment of silence.
We thought it was something like that –
but I saw my friend and he was telling me
like about all those things he was seeing out the windows
and I was like holy shit
this is big.
Jennifer Suri, Assistant Principal, Social Studies:
There were students who came into my office to use the phone
to touch base with their parents
to see if they were okay…
and there were actually many of them crowded into my room
and the electricity went out
momentarily and the lights started flickering and everyone screamed
and dropped to the floor, frightened.
And I just tried to comfort them.
Visit PBS NewsHour Extra for more education resources designed to help teachers and students identify the who, what, where and why-it-matters of the major national and international news stories. @NewsHourExtra