Vote By Mail: Will Voters Turnout?
As states prepare for voting in the fall, ensuring safe elections during coronavirus remains a key issue. Voting experts like Tammy Patrick, former elections official in Arizona and current senior adviser at the bipartisan foundation Democracy Fund, argue that one of the main ways to keep people safe is to allow voting by mail (in which voters receive a ballot by mail, fill it out and mail it back or take to a drop off location). President Donald Trump and members of the Republican party claim there is a higher risk of fraud with voting by mail. Watch the video and answer the discussion questions. This video has been edited for length. To watch the full video and read the transcript, click here.
- Voting by mail has existed since the Civil War, according to ProPublica’s Jessica Huseman.
- In a recent PBS NewsHour/NPR/Marist poll, just over half of voters said they would vote by mail in November, if given the option. But the partisan divide is stark. About 60 percent of Democrats said they would vote by mail compared to only about 40 percent of Republicans; 56 percent of Republicans say they would still vote in person.
- Patrick explains that there is no evidence that voting by mail leads to widespread fraud and multiple security measures include signature verification.
- Even though there is no evidence of widespread fraud, there were charges filed in the 2018 North Carolina congressional race.
- Partisan: a firm adherent to a party, faction, cause, or person.
- Example: Political partisans who see only one side of the problem.
Vote By Mail Discussion Questions
- Essential question: What are the cases for and against voting by mail?
- What security measures are in place to protect states against voter fraud?
- Why has vote by mail become a partisan issue?
- Could voting by mail in this or future elections increase voter turnout? Do you believe increased voter turnout is an important goal?
- Media literacy: Were other voting methods mentioned in the story that could help people stay safe during the coronavirus? Why do you think that was the case?
Vote By Mail Extension Activities
- ProPublica’s Jessica Huseman implied that President Trump’s allegations about fraud could be based around campaign strategy. How would limiting voting by mail help Trump? Check out this NewsHour EXTRA lesson plan on Election 2020 campaign strategies to provide some important context. You may also want to look at recent polls to see how presumptive Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden and Trump are faring.
- In 2018, NewsHour EXTRA created a lesson plan in collaboration with Student Reporting Labs series, Turning Out: The Youth Vote, which focused on increasing voter turnout among young voters. Do you think youth voter turnout will be affected by the pandemic? Why or why not? Can you think of some ways to raise the number of youth who turn out to vote?
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