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Ancient Greece

Grade Level Grades K-2
Standards Alignment
Common Core State Standards


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No ancient civilization has had more influence on the Western world than that of ancient Greece. In the Grade 2 Core Knowledge History and Geography unit Ancient Greece, students explore the ideas, patterns of government, and art forms that have formed the basis of much of our own culture.

The unit moves from the early days of city-states, particularly of Athens and Sparta, to the empire of Alexander the Great. Along the way, students meet the gods and goddesses on Mount Olympus, as well as the great philosophers of ancient Greece, Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato; and they witness the origins of both the Olympic Games and of democracy.

Through the eight chapters of Ancient Greece, students discover many of the political and philosophical building blocks that inform our own society today.


Recount or describe key ideas or details from a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media.
Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to clarify comprehension, gather additional information, or deepen understanding of a topic or issue.
Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.
Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., describe foods that are spicy or juicy).


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