In Ancient Greece and Rome, students explore how the cultural and political traditions of ancient Greece and Rome have influenced Western society more profoundly than perhaps any other civilizations in world history. They discover that the political institutions of these two great civilizations—including the early forms of democracy established in Athens and several other city-states of ancient Greece, and the judicious power sharing articulated in the Roman Republic—have been incorporated into many subsequent societies. Students explore the beginnings of democratic government in ancient Greece; limitations of Greek democracy; the “classical” ideal in art and life; Pericles and the Golden Age; Greek myths; the Persian Wars and the Peloponnesian War; the philosophers Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle; and the spread of Greek culture. They also investigate government and society in the Roman Republic; the Punic Wars; Julius Caesar; Caesar Augustus, the Pax Romana, and law and administration in the Roman Empire; the significance of Virgil’s Aeneid; Christianity under Roman rule; Constantine; and the causes of the “decline and fall” of the Roman Empire.
This unit includes a Student Reader, Timeline Image Cards, and Teacher Guide, providing Guided Reading Supports and the following Additional Activities: fiction excerpts by Homer and Shakespeare; retold myths by Ovid; domain vocabulary exercises; geography activities; an activity comparing Athenian and American democracy; an examination of Greek sculpture; a video about Alexander the Great; and a Unit Assessment.