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CKHG 1 Unit 1: Continents, Countries, and Maps
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CKHG 1 Unit 1: Continents, Countries, and Maps


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Grade Level Grades K-2
Resource Type Article
Standards Alignment
Common Core State Standards

About This Lesson

How do we find our way around the world? In this Grade 1 CKHG unit, Continents, Countries, and Maps, students use their newfound map skills to discover our world, and their place in it. The unit begins by exploring maps—looking at different types of maps and how to read them. Students then travel across the seven continents and the four oceans, beginning with North America and the many different landscapes of the United States—its cities, coastlines, mountains and farmlands. Then they continue on their North American journey to Canada, where they make a stop in the icy Canadian Arctic. Their North American trip next takes a southern turn, and students explore the geography of Mexico, its thirty-one states, its capital–Mexico City—and its celebratory culture. The final stops in North America are Central America—its rainforests, volcanoes, beaches, and farms—and the West Indies.

Students then journey to South America, where they learn about the twelve countries of this diverse continent and pay a special visit to the Amazon—its great river, monumental rainforest, indigenous people, and the many different types of plants and animals that flourish there. After a brief visit to the Andes Mountains and Machu Pichu, students leave South America and head to their next destination…

Europe! A whirlwind tour takes them to Austria, Ireland, Russia, and the beautiful cities and historic landmarks of the second smallest continent. Paris and the Eiffel Tower, London and Big Ben, Athens and the Acropolis, and Rome and its ancient Colosseum are all explored before they continue on to the second largest continent, Africa. Fifty-four countries, over a thousand languages, the longest river and the tallest animal, along with bustling modern cities, are all part of their African experience.

Where to next? Asia! The largest continent, Asia is also the most populated. Enormous, crowded cities, pandas, cherry blossoms, the world’s highest mountain, Mount Everest: Asia is a land of extremes. Then, from the largest continent to the smallest—the next destination is Australia, where students discover the Outback and the Great Barrier Reef, kangaroos and koalas. Finally, they head off on an adventure to Antarctica, the coldest continent, where students finish their trek across the world with a penguin.

The seven chapters of Continents, Countries, and Maps are filled with examples of how different the people, wildlife, and landscapes are across our wonderful world. The last pages are full of fun facts about Earth, its continents, and oceans.




January 13, 2021
277.97 KB


Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
Evaluate a speaker’s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric.
Distinguish between information provided by pictures or other illustrations and information provided by the words in a text.
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases by using context clues, analyzing meaningful word parts, and consulting general and specialized reference materials, as appropriate.
Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
Ask and answer questions about key details in a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media.
Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to gather additional information or clarify something that is not understood.
Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at home that are cozy).


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