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Dispute in the East China Sea SIMULATION

Men arguing on Japanese boat

Source: Reuters/Simon Kwong

Grade Level Grades 9-12, Higher Education


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In this simulation from Model Diplomacy, students will role-play as members of the U.S. National Security Council (NSC) to deliberate and debate how to respond to rising tensions between Japan and China in the East China Sea.


  • Great power rivalry
  • Preventative measures
  • Dispute resolution
  • Sovereignty
  • Nationalism
  • Alliances


  • U.S. treaty responsibility to Japan
  • Relations between established and rising powers in Asia
  • Trade and investment relationships among China, Japan, and the United States
  • Balance of power in the Pacific

The Situation

The U.S. government has decided to convene a National Security Council (NSC) meeting to consider any action it should take to ease tensions in the East China Sea and to evaluate its long-term policy in the region.


Model Diplomacy is a free simulation program that invites students, educators, and professionals to step into the roles of decision-makers in the U.S. National Security Council (NSC) or UN Security Council (UNSC). Model Diplomacy simulations help students develop critical thinking, persuasive speaking and writing, and collaboration skills, all while giving them hands-on experience grappling with the challenges of our modern, globalized world.

CFR Education is an initiative within the Council on Foreign Relations that aims to make complex foreign policy and international issues accessible for middle, high school, and college students through its educational products: World101, Model Diplomacy, and Convene the Council.


Dispute In the East China Sea Case Study | Model Diplomacy
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