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Grade Level Grades 6-12
Resource Type Lesson Plan


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No investigation of Bob Dylan’s influence on popular culture is complete without careful attention to the highly poetic nature of his lyrics, which are widely considered among the finest in the history of popular song. Dylan’s work bears the deep influence of poets who came before him, particularly those of the postwar Beat Generation, such as Allen Ginsberg and Jack Kerouac. His own compositions in turn transformed the possibilities of what Rock and Pop could do not simply as music, but as a literary force. Almost singlehandedly, Dylan expanded the parameters of what subject matter, language and tone were suitable for a Rock song. To consider, for example, the shift, from the Beatles’ “I Want to Hold Your Hand” (1964) to “A Day in the Life” (1967) is to see the influence of Dylan, who inspired a generation of songwriters to think of lyric writing as not just a craft but an art form.

In this lesson, students will investigate Dylan as poet by comparing the literary structure of “Subterranean Homesick Blues” and Allen Ginsberg’s poem “Howl.” They will investigate the differences between poetry and song and examine the similarities between the two in terms of textual structure and style, using their analyses to write original extensions of the poem or song.


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