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Esther in Her Own Words and Images: Artwork and Testimony as a Primary Source


Giving students the tools to recognize, analyze and draw conclusions from historical documents and artifactswith first person accounts and primary sources is an important skill.  

Because primary source documents, both public and personal, paint a vivid picture of a specific event and or a period of time, they give students a unique perspective.  Produced by the people who participated in and witnessed the past, primary sources offer a variety of points of view and perspectives of events, issues, people, and places.

Students who have the opportunity to use a variety of sources for research and understanding are able to construct a better understanding of events and realize that history exists through interpretation that reflects the viewpoints and biases of those doing the interpreting.

This lesson will give students the opportunity to discover a first-person account, analyze artwork as a primary source/artifact and learn the importance of using both first and secondary sources in research.


Students will be able to:

  • differentiate and compare/contrast primary and secondary sources.
  • be aware of the importance of first-person accounts.
  • recognize the different types of primary sources/artifacts.
  • become familiar with analyzing informational text.
  • recognize point of view and use critical thinking skills to analyze text.


Through the Eye of the Needle - The Art of Esther Nisenthal Krinitz
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