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The French Revolution and Romanticism

The French Revolution and Romanticism

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Grade Level Grades 6-8
Standards Alignment
Common Core State Standards
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About This Lesson

The French Revolution and Romanticism first explores how Enlightenment ideas of freedom, equality, and natural rights, as well as the recent American Revolution, helped ignite the French Revolution in 1789, bringing down the ancien régime—the “old order,” with its indulgent absolute monarchy and rigid social classes. Students learn how radical political changes gave way to violence, including the execution of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, followed by the Reign of Terror under Robespierre, during which many died under the guillotine’s blade. The French Revolution ended when the military genius Napoleon Bonaparte rose to become dictator and then emperor of France. Great art, music, and literature flourished during the time of French Revolution and the decades afterward. Initially, Neoclassicism, or a return to the forms and influences of Greek and classical art, took hold. Partly in reaction against Neoclassicism, and partly inspired by new ideas of nature and the individual articulated by Rousseau and others, the Romantic movement in art, literature, and music flourished. Students are introduced to representative Romantics, including the poets Byron and Wordsworth; the composers Beethoven, Schubert, Chopin, and Schumann; and, the painter John Constable.

This unit includes a Student Reader, Timeline Image Cards, and Teacher Guide, providing Guided Reading Supports and the following Additional Activities: domain vocabulary exercises; several activities involving Neoclassical art, and the music, poetry and visual arts of the Romantic movement; and a Unit Assessment.

Standards

Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
Analyze in detail how a key individual, event, or idea is introduced, illustrated, and elaborated in a text (e.g., through examples or anecdotes).
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings.
Determine a central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments.
Interpret figures of speech (e.g., personification) in context.
Analyze how a particular sentence, paragraph, chapter, or section fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the ideas.
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January 29, 2020
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