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The Iliad and the Odyssey and Other Greek Stories

Grade Level Grade 6
Standards Alignment
Common Core State Standards, State-specific

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Unit 4, The Iliad, the Odyssey, and Other Greek Stories, examines ancient Greece through epic stories and myths where heroes face enormous and frightening challenges and meet those challenges with bravery and ingenuity. Students will focus on the literary skills of character perspective and motivations, and linear and non-linear sequences of events. They will explore how myths are shaped by, and how they communicate, the values of a particular culture at a specific point in time.

To audiences of the day, these myths and epics were exciting and culturally relevant entertainment. To today’s students, the works present an opportunity to engage with a culture and society whose values are sometimes strange, and sometimes universal. By seeing what the ancient Greeks valued in their society and what they thought about their world, students will be prompted to reflect upon their own values and standards of behavior

Standards

Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
Explain how an author develops the point of view of the narrator or speaker in a text.
Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments.
Describe how a particular story’s or drama’s plot unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution.
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.
Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot.
Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence and signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another.
Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, and description, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters.
Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to convey experiences and events.
Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of three pages in a single sitting.
Engage and orient the reader by establishing a context and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally and logically.
With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach.
Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 6 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
Interpret information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and explain how it contributes to a topic, text, or issue under study.
Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.
Follow rules for collegial discussions, set specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed.
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
Ensure that pronouns are in the proper case (subjective, objective, possessive).
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
Vary sentence patterns for meaning, reader/listener interest, and style.
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 6 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., audience, auditory, audible).
Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech.

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