Close to one million people were killed during the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. When the genocide ended, all Rwandans worked together rebuild their country. But how could the Tutsi (the victims or targets of the genocide) begin to trust their former perpetrators? And what was to be done with the 120,000 alleged genocide perpetrators who were overwhelming the country’s prison system?
The process of rebuilding after widespread human right abuses is often referred to as transitional justice. In the wake of the genocide, Rwandans embarked on their own transitional justice process. In this lesson, students will learn about the genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda and the ongoing process of transitional justice in the small African nation.