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Next Generation Science Standards-Aligned MIT Blossoms Lesson—3-2-1- Blast-Off


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About This Lesson

NGSS-Aligned Engineering Video Lesson

MIT BLOSSOMS has created five video lessons to support STEM teachers by demonstrating the three-dimensional instruction required in the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS). Each of these lessons was developed around a specific standard, and the resources included in these pages are intended to illustrate the thinking that went into constructing each lesson to align with NGSS. We are hopeful that these resources will be valuable in guiding STEM teachers as they work to align their own classroom lessons with NGSS. We encourage teachers to refer to the BLOSSOMS Coaching Template (BLOSSOMS Coaching Template pdf handout below) which is designed to help them adapt their lessons by clearly defining what the students are doing and what the teacher is doing.

We also believe that these resource materials could be used as the basis for a Teacher Professional Learning (TPL) workshop for NGSS and have included a Workshop Facilitator Guide (Workshop Facilitator Guide pdf handout below), plus accompanying resources, developed for this purpose.

The lesson includes a BLOSSOMS video and the NGSS Instructional Resources for that lesson.

For more information on BLOSSOMS NGSS For Teachers, visit:

NGSS Instructional Resources for "3-2-1- Blast-Off"

This lesson was developed to align with the three dimensions of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), specifically through the engagement of students by using science and engineering practices (SEPs) and applying the crosscutting concepts (CCCs) to understand the disciplinary core ideas (DCIs). Understanding reaction rate is a foundational chemistry concept and is used as the anchor phenomenon for this lesson. In the lesson, students will work to understand reaction rate through the analysis of a toy’s design, the Alka Seltzer rocket. Students will work through the NGSS engineering practices to determine the optimal rocket based on their understanding of changing concentration, temperature, and reaction rate.

NGSS Performance Expectation for this lesson:

  • HS-PS1-5 Matter and Its Interactions
  • Apply scientific principles and evidence to provide an explanation about the effects of changing the temperature or concentration of the reacting particles on the rate at which a reaction occurs. 

NGSS-related Resources for this Lesson​

Handout for this lesson can be found on the MIT BLOSSOMS site.




Handout, Worksheet
December 7, 2020
1.07 MB
3-2-1 Blast Off Understanding Reaction Rate to Better Design a Toy Rocket!
Remote video URL


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