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Realms of Gold, Volume 1

Grade Level Grade 6
Standards Alignment
Common Core State Standards


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Unit 8, Poetry, focuses on examining poetry. It is important for students to study poetry as a genre of literature for many reasons. As a form of expression, poetry allows authors and readers to think about topics in creative and unusual ways, stimulating critical thought without the pressure of a right or correct interpretation. The poems in this unit are grouped and taught by poetic form, such as ode, lyrical, didactic, and historical poetry. This allows students to develop an understanding of the different forms poetry can take as well as the techniques used within those forms. In terms of literary skills, students will focus on sound, structure, meaning, tone, conflict, diction, figurative language, and the speaker’s viewpoint.

Not only does this unit allow students to study literary techniques unique to poetry, but it exposes students to philosophical ideas and emotional issues not always present in prose. Poetry, perhaps more than any other genre, invites students to play with the power of language as a form of expression, highlighting the connections between form and meaning.

In this unit, students will be exposed to content-area vocabulary and words derived from Greek and Latin roots and affixes. In addition, students will learn to analyze language, meaning, and structure in poetry. They will learn about intensive pronouns and their proper uses. Students will learn to clarify the differences between intensive and reflexive pronouns. They will also learn to use frequently confused words, such as good/well and like/as, correctly.

Students will read a selection of poems from Realms of Gold, Volume 1, which is available for purchase from the Core Knowledge Foundation. This publication includes specific poems recommended for students in this grade level in the Core Knowledge Sequence. Each student should have their own copy of this volume of poetry.


Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
Explain how an author develops the point of view of the narrator or speaker in a text.
Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments.
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.
Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot.
Compare and contrast the experience of reading a story, drama, or poem to listening to or viewing an audio, video, or live version of the text, including contrasting what they “see” and “hear” when reading the text to what they perceive when they listen or watch.
By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 6–8 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.
Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach.
Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 6 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion.
Follow rules for collegial discussions, set specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed.
Pose and respond to specific questions with elaboration and detail by making comments that contribute to the topic, text, or issue under discussion.
Review the key ideas expressed and demonstrate understanding of multiple perspectives through reflection and paraphrasing.
Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.
Interpret information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and explain how it contributes to a topic, text, or issue under study.
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
Use intensive pronouns (e.g., myself, ourselves).
Recognize variations from standard English in their own and others’ writing and speaking, and identify and use strategies to improve expression in conventional language.
Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.
Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 6 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., audience, auditory, audible).
Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech.
Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
Interpret figures of speech (e.g., personification) in context.
Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., stingy, scrimping, economical, unwasteful, thrifty).


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