Skip to main content

Refrigerants and Climate Change Educator Guide from MIT's TILclimate Podcast

Grade Level Grades 9-12, Higher Education
Resource Type Activity, Handout
Standards Alignment
Common Core State Standards, Next Generation Science Standards


Share On Facebook
Share On Twitter
Share On Pinterest
Share On LinkedIn


Refrigeration and cooling make food safer, people more comfortable, and protect us in heat waves. The chemicals used to power cooling can be extremely powerful greenhouse gases, adding to climate change. Students investigate the Montreal Protocol, CFC and HCFC replacement, summer heat patterns, and the physics of infrared energy. Then, they investigate two real-world questions in their local community.


  • Summarize the goals of the Montreal Protocol and its Amendments
  • Concisely explain why CFCs have been replaced with other compounds
  • Understand why refrigerants contribute to climate change
  • Explain the relationship between warmer summers and increased use of refrigerants
  • Investigate real-world questions in their local community


  • Reading formal texts
  • Science communication
  • Graph reading
  • Map reading
  • Real-world investigation



MITclimate Refrigerants Educator Guide FULL.pdf

October 18, 2023
0.7 MB
Log in or sign up to download resources.

How to Use TILclimate Educator Guides.pdf

Handout, Worksheet
October 18, 2023
0.3 MB
Log in or sign up to download resources.


Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth's systems result in changes in climate.
Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.
Communicate scientific and technical information about why the molecular-level structure is important in the functioning of designed materials.
Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; trace the text’s explanation or depiction of a complex process, phenomenon, or concept; provide an accurate summary of the text.
Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; summarize complex concepts, processes, or information presented in a text by paraphrasing them in simpler but still accurate terms.
Synthesize information from a range of sources (e.g., texts, experiments, simulations) into a coherent understanding of a process, phenomenon, or concept, resolving conflicting information when possible.
Compare and contrast findings presented in a text to those from other sources (including their own experiments), noting when the findings support or contradict previous explanations or accounts.


Write A Review!

Be the first to submit a review!